The Looking Glass Theory, coined by Charles Cooley, posits that our self-perception is predominantly shaped by the way others perceive us and how we interpret their evaluations. Critics argue this downplays individual cognitive contributions to self-perception.
Social defense theory applies individual psychoanalytic concepts to social organizations, aiming to understand their defense mechanisms against anxiety. Developed from the research of several notable psychologists, it posits that social organizations unconsciously employ protective strategies to reduce discomfort and maintain stability, potentially inhibiting necessary growth and change.
Self-blame is a psychological phenomenon where individuals hold themselves accountable for negative outcomes, potentially damaging mental well-being. Causes include a personal control illusion, perfectionism, past experiences, social comparison, and cultural expectations. Offering coping strategies, the article emphasizes self-compassion, challenging negativity, seeking support, mindfulness, problem-solving, and realistic expectations.
The Law of Contiguity, a key concept in psychology introduced by David Hume, explains learning and association, positing that closely occurring stimuli or events become linked in our minds. It’s crucial in classical and operant conditioning, spatial contiguity, education, advertising, language learning, and memory improvement.
Advertisements Magical Thinking: An Exploration of Beliefs and Imagination We like to believe we are logical creatures. Yet, as we delve deeper in the content of human thought, we discover many patterns that defy logic. One notable illogical thinking error is magical thinking. We latch on to beliefs without any logical foundation, build faulty associations, …