Shamefully hiding from the world, we bury our pasts, deny our humanity, and pretend we are something we are not. We are riddled with guilt over our own human beingness. Guilt, like most emotions, has healthy purposes, correcting and motivating action to guide us towards seen and unseen goals. Also, like other emotions, guilt can go haywire, hindering rather than benefiting our lives.
What is guilt?
Simply, without over philosophizing, guilt is the feeling of responsibility or remorse for some perceived crime or wrong. We feel discomfort over an event and blame ourselves for a portion or all of the misdoing.
Guilt is a discomforting feeling affect motivated by accepting responsibility for some perceived crime or wrong.
Is Guilt Psychologically Healthy?
Throughout my studies, I’ve encountered both positive and negative perceptions of guilt. Some condemn the emotion, labeling guilt pernicious and destructive. Others suggest that guilt in moderation motivates change. We don’t unveil the blessing or curse of guilt in the definition but in the manner we respond to the feeling. When riddled with guilt, we may resign and fail to make amends, curling up in the corner of our own victimization.
We all do wrong on occasion. We violate explicit or implicit moral contracts with ourselves and with others. These violations should spark a feeling, riddling our psyche with guilt. There is great concern if we feel indifferently to slights, mistakes or intentional violations of personal values or expressed agreements. A feeling raises a flag, drawing attention to errant action that needs addressing.
“A consciousness of wrongdoing is the first step to salvation…you have to catch yourself doing it before you can correct it.”~ Seneca
Guilt is a powerful motivator. Unfortunately, the unscrupulous use guilt as a weapon of manipulation. Lovers guilt spouses and partners into bowing to their need. They artfully arouse guilt, and then pave a way for forgiveness. Nothing good comes from this ill-intended route to self-appeasement.
Guilt and Change
Erik Erickson a preeminent human development psychologist stated, “People all over the world seem convinced that to make the right (meaning their) kind of human being, one must consistently introduce the senses of shame, doubt, guilt, and fear into a child’s life” (1994).
There is great concern if we feel indifferently to slights, mistakes or intentional violations of personal values or expressed agreements.
Seneca was right, we first must have a consciousness of our wrongdoing before we can correct it. And along with that consciousness will always be an emotional reaction. We experience emotion and emotion motivates us to act. We adapt by responding to the emotion. Some may downplay the wrongdoing (justifying); others dodge blame, projecting the wrongness onto someone else (externalizing); or we can soften the meaningfulness of the action, changing the weight of the violated law or commitment; or we can repair those we hurt, and design a plan to prevent acting with the same carelessness in the future.
It should be obvious from the safety of this article which path is most advantageous for personal growth. In the midst of the chaos of living, the action, the emotional, and our adaptive response easily get lost, pass unnoticed, and we are no wiser than before.
Guilt or Shame
Being riddled with guilt can pull us into debilitating shame. Morphing from a wrong act into evidence of innate badness. Instead of seeing the act as wrong, we see ourselves as wrong. We often ignore the work of repair as we indulge in self-blame, condemning our selves as failures. Those schooled in psychology may recognize the guilt and then feel guilty for feeling guilt. We can address this terrible downward pulling feeling state with healthy doses of loving kindness. If loving kindness is a foreign concept, never experiencing positive regard, we will need the gentle guidance of a professional.
The feeling experience of living will bring us through many emotions, guilt being one of the strongest—a social emotion. How we adapt in response to this powerful emotion can help or hinder our lives. Watch carefully, identify guilt’s presence, and then act wisely.
Erickson, Erik (1994). Identity and Life Cycle. W. W. Norton & Company; Reissue edition